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Do Digital or...

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Yet, do we have to take the digital enterprise path? Is it evitable? What would be the advantages?The digital enterprise is happening nolens volens, that is, there is no choice. The enterprise cannot really escape the technology progress. We cannot avoid the digital revolution. And it is a revolution indeed, because the change is significantly... Read More..
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The Digital effect

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Pundits have already embarked in campaigns of the kind "do digital or die". Right, but how would a digital enterprise look like?And why should we do it, only because some say so? Businesses existed for hundreds of years before the "digital" technology was born.In any case, the digital technologies evolution... Read More..
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Rather than approaching the subject from a scholastic viewpoint, I looked into the meanings of the terms in every day business talk because these would reflect more closely our concerns in the enterprise. The term chaos is used less than complexity in relation to the enterprise because of its negative connotations but... Read More..
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What about a book that is a concise enough and highly visual to guide you through the Enterprise Modelling and Strategy Planning process? What about a reference manual and aide memoire for the  enterprise modelling development?   To model the enterprise, you'd better use a method rather than make things up... Read More..
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Porter's Value Chain is a set of activities that an organization carries out to create value for its customers and return a margin of profit. Michael Porter created the concept in the 1980s. Also Porter defined the Margin as the difference between the value created and costs : Value Created  -  Cost of Creating... Read More..
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The Business Architecture Guild has provided a few reference models. The IRIS site is publishing them at The Business Architecture Guild Manufacturing Reference ModelThe Business Architecture Guild Finance Reference ModelThe Business Architecture Guild Healthcare Reference ModelBut how can we use the models or can we use them at all to model... Read More..
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The aim of the whole endeavour would be the enablement of an institution that runs the membership for the EA profession and the enforcement, in some shape or form, of the code of ethics. In principle that sounds good but, in practice, is it?To start with, without  proper enforcement, this ethical organization may end up encouraging... Read More..
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People and organization are outside the scope of EAJan 11, 2007 After all, "the Company is the People" who govern, plan and operate the Enterprise.Enterprise Architecture is overly simplifiedJan 4, 2007 More often than not EA does not mandate architectural views - reflecting the interests of many stakeholders- or a functional architecture... Read More..
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The Definition of Enterprise Architecture, revisited (ii)Aug 24, 2007 Enterprise Architecture is more than the sum of its parts; it is about the governance (mind) and the culture (soul) of the Enterprise (body).The definition of Enterprise Architecture, revisited (i)Aug 17, 2007  Is EA an Enterprise state, a document, a set of diagrams,... Read More..
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Who owns Intellectual Property?May 3, 2008  Isn't IP about property that is the foundation of our economy and society since the very beginning?Enterprise Architecture and Solution Architecture ProjectsApr 11, 2008 EA records all changes in the Enterprise and becomes the single source of updated information for all developments.The Business Process journey in... Read More..
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The Enterprise Architecture Black HoleApr 6, 2009  "Enterprise Architecture as a Black Hole" (to paraphrase a known title of an EA book) seems to be a proper name for many EA contemporary developments. To ...A Single Page Enterprise ArchitectureApr 1, 2009  A Single Page EA blueprint would like a road map depicting... Read More..
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The type of work an Enterprise Architect doesOct 10, 2009  I realize that many of us, Enterprise Architects, our pay masters, and recruiters emphasize at times different aspects of EA. But they are all part of an ...The Enterprise Architecture book cover & extracts published in my blog sidebarOct 7, 2009  Just... Read More..
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Communications and OMG's Architecture tools ecosystemApr 17, 2010 Communication means transmission of information between two sides. The message has to match the language and conventions of the receiving side as well.Enterprise Architecture training courseApr 4, 2010  In time, I had quite a few requests for the EA training advertised on this site,... Read More..
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Benefits of the GODS generic business architecture modelNov 30, 2010  GODS generic business architecture represents a reference architecture that can be tailored to industry and company to create a specific framework for own ...A generic Business ArchitectureNov 17, 2010 The GODS generic business architecture illustrates the full product cycle from forecasting and... Read More..
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The history continues with EA posts from 2011, mainly.Is industry experience a must for an Enterprise Architect?Feb 22, 2012  Does the employer want a specialist or a generalist, the EA architect is? You rarely can get both at the quality and for the price you pay... you would ...Communicating Enterprise ArchitectureFeb... Read More..
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Architecture principles, good or evil?Mar 1 2013 Why are principles constituting so often a bottleneck for the EA activities or, soon after inception, are laid aside as an irritant better ...Why aren't there Enterprise Architecture show cases? (i)Jan 26 2013 We keep talking about EA without having in mind a common picture. A show case... Read More..
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I  am about to post a series of blog post links published over the last eight years or so. They would be listed in reverse chronological order starting today.Most EA topics you'd like to hear about are discussed in there: from frameworks and capabilities to culture, roadblocks, people and organisation... Read More..
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EA site:Enterprise Architecture MattersStrategy Rings frameworkTwitterPresentationsEnterprise Architecture in 3 minutes or soOne Page Generic Business ArchitectureEA value propositionEA roadblocks and remediesThe Cloud, EA and SOABlogsebizQ ITToolBox EA Books:An Enterprise Architecture Development Framework, 4th editionand Fragments or hereThe Enterprise Architecture matters blogYoutube videosBP Trends Articles A Comparison of Common Business Modeling Approaches and GODS Generic Business... Read More..
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When does EA start to care about sociocultural influences? Nick Malik stresses this point. But should we care?True, reality is "messier" than the boxes and lines of an enterprise architecture because it is invariably more complex than the models that describe it. That we already know. For instance, human bodies are... Read More..
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Commenting upon "TOGAF® Framework and ArchiMate® Modeling Language Harmonization, two whitepapers".I don't have access to the articles as a member of the public. Perhaps, I have to pay for the privilege.It finally happens. It took a long time for inside TOGAFers to realise that without a merger there would be... Read More..
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The Open Group Publishes First Global Reference Model for Natural Resources Industry.  The EM Model establishes an operational blueprint for organizations that impacts the definition of business activities across the industry and provides standard operating practices and support for vendors in their delivery of technical and business solutions to the industry." The EM model defines the... Read More..
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The enterprise is stable at its core. It has been so for centuries. The invariability of value chains and process frameworks stand proof of that. Key business strategies are also few and well known: diversification, expansion in markets and creation of new products.The abstract business operation of an enterprise changes... Read More..
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Conflict at work often appears when competent people come to challenge the status quo, the inertia, amongst other reasons.Also a factor is the poor organisation of the enterprise with confusing roles and overlaying responsibilities that create tension in decision making and execution since it is unclear who is in charge... Read More..
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In this article of HBR, Roger Martin argues that "Strategy is iterative protyping". Is it really so?If strategy is considered at the product level prototyping is rather normal practice. In any serious enterprise, there usually are different environments for development, testing and staging of new features, capabilities, products... so that development does... Read More..
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 - 1. What is EA and what is its scope? What is Business Architecture? - 2. What are the deliveries one can expect? And how would they look like. - 3. How do you design the EA?The key few steps. - 4. What would be the key artifacts? - 5. How would the EA governance look... Read More..
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Alpha strategies posted "Strategy vs Business Models: What's the Difference?"  Their "answer is that strategy models show the strategies of a business while business models show the interactions between strategies and the uncontrollable external factors that the strategies are intended to address, such as customers and suppliers."It is rather obvious, if not self... Read More..
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There are a lot of articles floating around about the role of the CIO. Is there a problem? The questions seems to be about where is the role going. Clearly, something is on people's mind.  But what is happening?  The CIO world is stirred, if not shaken, by the new... Read More..
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The title of "business designer" grows en vogue today.Please refer to my previous post and comments as well about the role of the business architect. In the strict sense of the words, there is no such role as business designer, because at least, for now, nobody, to my knowledge, has come with an... Read More..
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Since both Business Architecture and Design Thinking have rather vague and wide scoping definitions it is hard to think they have having nothing in common. Yet, at first sight, it is hard to find anything common. We have to look through the thick cloud of fuzzyness to find the relationship, if... Read More..
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The EA team alone cannot develop and maintain the whole EA without participation of stakeholders with respect to their own parts, Hence, the EA group has to create a governance framework that would be employed in the consistent design of EA artifacts, solution architectures and in the decision making process,  Governance is... Read More..
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There has always been an opinion that, since the environment is so dynamic today, the enterprise management is an art. And that modelling the enterprise does not serve much purpose since it already depicts a past static state.That in contrast to some proprietary, unexplained and unexplainable artistic approaches that confer the enterprise and the... Read More..
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EA is often defined not as what it is but as what we think it is for. Too many EA definitions emphasise EA as a purpose rather than a description of what it is. There are a few issues with this. To start with, can you define a car by your goals,... Read More..
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Is EA a story? Nick Malik's post Enterprise Architecture as Story needs commenting upon.To me the question is, are we going back on "A picture says a thousand words"? After all, EA is an architecture or, if you like, the blueprint of the enterprise. At least, the words in the naming lead... Read More..
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Requirements occupy the central place in the ADM cycle, the architecture development process. Each and every ADM phase seems  to take them into consideration. For what reason though?To begin with, is the ADM about architecture development or the enterprise transformation process?While the first is governed by the enterprise architect, the... Read More..
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While TOGAF is not inhibiting a different EA thinking, in fact it inadvertently stimulates that, TOGAF is still hindering the take off and the development of other approaches.TOGAF not only ignores but competes with the other EA approaches rather than collaborating and integrating the best of breed for the good... Read More..
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The EA team alone cannot develop and maintain the whole EA without participation of stakeholders with respect to their own parts, Hence, the EA group has to create a governance framework that would be employed in the consistent design of EA artifacts, solution architectures and in the decision making process,  Governance is... Read More..
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A question still often asked today, is why do we need enterprise architecture. It is intriguing though that, more often than not. the architects are asking the question.But first, let me ask and answer a few related questions: Why do we need anatomy to describe the human body?  Why do we need the schematics... Read More..
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Even though the architecture is defined as both the structured description of a system and the structure of the system itself, the term "architecture" is mainly used,  at least in the "electrical" industries, as the structured description of a system. A note: architecture is often used in the construction industry... Read More..
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The fact that we cannot even agree on what architecture is, never mind what enterprise architecture (EA) is, says a lot about the maturity of the EA discipline that, surprisingly, has so many practitioners and experts today. What is EA delivering then? That explains too why we argue so much about... Read More..
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Before delving into the subject of core capabilities, a definition of what that is would be welcome. A few questions must be first asked to clear the field. I wouldn't go into what the capability is since that was discussed too many times. I will analyse the "core" (capability) concept... Read More..
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Eric's analogy about interface and application (see comments for the previous post, Business services versus capabilities) maybe of wider interest and hence, this post.Application may not be the best example though because it would reduce the scope of EA to IT. It would be good though for the EA IT audience,... Read More..
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 ..continued from previous.As suspected, the approach ends up with a process map, sliding back into familar territory to BP Trends.The process map (here is the process architecture method again) consists of Management, Core and Support processes. Yet, what do we call Core processes today? The "core" concept may change in time and it... Read More..
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This BP Trends advisor proposes a method to develop a business process architecture which, to quote, "briefly walks through one approach to developing a comprehensive business process architecture--the approach used by BPTrends Associates (BPTA) in consulting engagements with its clients".And here is a critique the BP Trends Business Process Architecture approach. To start... Read More..
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Capabilities in  a sentence or twoDefinitions of EA are diverse. Capability definitions are even much more so and usually useless in practice. Here is one you can use.A capability is a feature of your enterprise (such as it can produce screws, it can recruit by itself...). It is something you... Read More..
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"How would you compare your Enterprise Architecture implementation (i.e., instance) with your competitor's Enterprise Architecture?" This question was asked by Rubina from my previous post. Since I found it of general interest I post it in the main blog.To start with, without a common understanding (definition, scope, framework ...) there can hardly... Read More..
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FFLV-GODS is an EA methodology (or extended framework...) that integrates the many existing frameworks concepts, classifies them in four different aspects, and integrates them in this framework whole.FFLV-GODS consists of:- 1. The Framework itself describing the EA structure (its layers, views, nodes...). It looks like the contents page of a book. It illustrates its structure... Read More..
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cnt'd The OM is  rather implicitly created  at the creation of the company or at its extension, rather than deliberately by an EA effort. It is also rather hard to believe that an EA architect, working in IT, would impose or even propose an operating model since this is essentially a business issue and decision. The... Read More..
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I browsed the book "Enterprise Architecture as Strategy" by Jeanne W. Ross, Peter Weill and David C. Robertson quite a few times, never quite making my mind about it. It is widely recommended though. But since it landed on the next desk, I decided to take the bull by the horns. The book has an... Read More..
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EA professionals often specify architecture principles but rarely use them, if at all. In fact, are you using architecture principles in practice? And how, as an after thought tick list or actively during the decision process? We all have principles that guide our ways in life. They are essentially rules guiding our decision... Read More..
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True, most if not all myths contain a bit of truth, but the key word is "bit".Myths you heard about:That you need to "sell" Enterprise Architecture. Do you? For one, the concept is straightforward. Anyone understands a plan or a city map and everyone wants a "schematics" of the... Read More..
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There you are. The silent competition. And it is silent because the proponents of a framework are tacitly saying that the other frameworks are no fit for purpose; that's why they came with a new one. Let's recap. TOGAF ignores the existence of Zachman, Spewak's,... Zachman may claim to... Read More..
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Lauren Carlson asked a question in the Application Strategy 2.0 that most IT departments had to, are or will be confronted with. Do you chose an Integrated Suite or Best of Breed (BoB) solutions?  The answer looks more complicated now by the growing Cloud adoption trend. A Suite adoption decision,... Read More..
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Candid questions like " what is EA" or "how do I become an EA architect?" still asked nowadays prove that something is wrong with the EA profession.  The classical answer given today is stating EA purpose (strategy, reduce complexity...). There always is the self serving response "do our training course... Read More..
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Nick Gall's post speaks about organization and motivating people as part of an EA workday. The organization architecture, the 3rd architecture tier of an EA as I call it, is invaluable, since it brings all enterprise stakeholders around the table. In practice though, when I suggested slight adjustments to the... Read More..
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An architecture becomes reference if it's generic enough, available and used by many in the community.  The level of abstraction of an architecture should be high enough to serve its scope--for instance, a business domain or an industry. But the architectures at these various abstraction levels should be part of... Read More..
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  At the beginning of the new year, let me recap again the situation of EA. Anything to be merry about?  Overall, EA looks like it always did. Little really happened in the field. No substance was added since Zachman and TOGAF. Except that, in this void, various trainings and... Read More..
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A business model is neither a business architecture nor the result of "business modeling", even though they sound related. The result of business modeling is not a business model but a business architecture. A business model describes the elements to consider in order to deliver a profitable product. For example, Osterwalder's... Read More..
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The concept of EA is self selling but the current results turn its appeal down. In any case, it would be a benefit for business to have a set of Enterprise blueprints they can all refer to, debate upon and navigate end to end flows to inspect performance and the... Read More..
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EA budgeting depends how the EA activity is conducted at a point in time: is it a project or a Business As Usual activity (BAU)? Companies sometimes rely on short burst of activities (projects) to establish the EA foundations. And then continue with BAU. Or establish directly an EA practice. Projects... Read More..
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An EA architect does not have to provide business views. This is the business of business professionals. The architect should supply though the EA framework, the component repository, guidelines... for all stakeholders to use in producing their own views so that they fit back in the whole. Views are unlimited... Read More..
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The question was raised in a LinkedIn discussion. Do Enterprise stakeholders need a simple business architecture like the one proposed in previous posts?True, most Enterprise Architects are not asked to do Business Architecture. A reason is that, it is not the business of IT to describe how the enterprise operates... Read More..
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EA, extended to or over its limits, maybe about strategy, transformation and in general about all things related to an Enterprise, depending on whom you are talking to. In practice though, an architecture is a set of integrated blueprints.Let's take an example: a city has an urban architecture described by... Read More..
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The essential generic business architecture (gBA) shows the main Enterprise Functions and Processes that describe, in one page, both the Enterprise structure and behaviour. gBA illustrates a full product cycle from forecasting and planning, to demand creation, product delivery, sales and orders, revenue accrual and customer services for both... Read More..
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Business Architecture (BA) is the most important layer or component of an Enterprise Architecture (EA). This is because it shapes all other layers. For instance,  Business functions and processes described in the BA dictate the type of technology and organization architecture that implement them. It is true though, that... Read More..
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Most, if not all, organizations already have strategy and planning functions. So why do enterprise architecture pundits and reputable firms stress that EA architects do strategy? What is the relationship between these functions--that is, strategy, planning and EA? I would like to invite you to debate here on this so that... Read More..
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Deloitte initiated, some time ago, a debate on "Does Cloud Computing Make Enterprise Architecture Irrelevant?" asserting that "The world of business technology is shifting to "almost enterprise" applications - a network of smaller, more agile applications that are often hosted remotely, as in cloud computing. With less reliance on... Read More..
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EA as the architecture of the Enterprise, i.e. integrated blueprint and associated information, offers a solid base for roadmapping, planning and strategy specification and execution because EA describes the components of the Enterprise and their relationships.Strategic Planning is based on programs changing EA components, executed as part of the... Read More..
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I am elevating this at the blog level since it is an important debate for many of us and well, the posts are too long for a reply. Philip replied to my latest opinion in this debate. We agree to disagree; still, one of us is right and one is wrong,... Read More..
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It is often said that "life imitates art".  According to Philip Allega of Gartner in "Applying EA to your life" we should apply  Enterprise Architecture techniques to plan our acts of life or achievements.  I sincerely hope we don't come to that, that is use TOGAF or a look alike to plot... Read More..
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I just thought that it is not a bad time to attempt to forecast myself the future of EA given the high interest still attracted by the topic. After all, Gartner does it with profusion of detail.Is Enterprise Architecture going anywhere? This looks like a legitimate question. It is, albeit slowly in... Read More..
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It's worth pointing out again that EA is not in itself about business improvement, technology alignment, strategic planning and portfolio management; EA enables them all though, if properly modelled. As such, to measure Enterprise Architecture value as an EA architect, one needs to evaluate what EA delivers to Enterprise stakeholders, taking... Read More..
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Every Enterprise improvement ultimately translates into profit or cost saving for the business. For top management and external stakeholders that is what principally matters, after all. Nonetheless, to assess the effect of an EA action directly at these financial indicators level is impossible.  A benefit tree would show though, how... Read More..
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Not long ago I felt that Enterprise Architecture (EA) had not been growing at the pace I, at least, thought it should. I asked myself why and came up with a couple of issues. I never thought though the list would expand but it did. This being the case, no... Read More..
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The Enterprise Architecture would document your Enterprise and enable the alignment of technology to the operation it supports. The Enterprise operation would be streamlined, duplications reduced, projects grouped in a portfolio with dependencies and priorities, the strategy effectively mapped for execution... In the end, EA facilitates a better understanding of... Read More..
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Adrian Grigoriu blogs about everything relating to enterprise and business architecture, SOA, frameworks, design, planning, execution, organization and related issues.

Adrian Grigoriu

Adrian is an executive consultant in enterprise architecture, former head of enterprise architecture at Ofcom, the spectrum and broadcasting U.K. regulatory agency and chief architect at TM Forum, an organization providing a reference integrated business architecture framework, best practices and standards for the telecommunications and digital media industries. He also was a high technology, enterprise architecture and strategy senior manager at Accenture and Vodafone, and a principal consultant and lead architect at Qantas, Logica, Lucent Bell Labs and Nokia. He is the author of two books on enterprise architecture development available on Kindle and published articles with BPTrends, the Microsoft Architecture Journal and the EI magazine. Shortlisted by Computer Weekly for the IT Industry blogger of the year 2011.

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