Recently in Extended Enterprise Category

The Kindle book "The Enterprise Architecture matters blog" answers all your EA questions. They were the outcome of years of working in the field of Enterprise Architecture. The book is a collection of blog posts in the domain of Enterprise Architecture.Here are the chapters of the book, each containing a... Read More..
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Porter's Value Chain is a set of activities that an organization carries out to create value for its customers and return a margin of profit. Michael Porter created the concept in the 1980s. Also Porter defined the Margin as the difference between the value created and costs : Value Created  -  Cost of Creating... Read More..
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The Business Architecture Guild has provided a few reference models. The IRIS site is publishing them at The Business Architecture Guild Manufacturing Reference ModelThe Business Architecture Guild Finance Reference ModelThe Business Architecture Guild Healthcare Reference ModelBut how can we use the models or can we use them at all to model... Read More..
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It is said that Enterprise Architecture is a tool for transformation. it is among other things. Without an EA, a transformation is blind. It does not see the objects around and in its path. Thus, the transformation bumps into them or it fails to see them at all. Yet,  transformations... Read More..
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If you  wish to employ Business Models in your enterprise analysis and strategy specification, you may first have to understand what that is. A Business Model shows how a company goes about its business to be able to return value/profit. Representing properly the business model down on paper is a bit... Read More..
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What is and why would we need a reference business map? For the purpose of this, a business map is the functional organisation of an enterprise while a reference business map is a business map that is generic enough to apply to most industries.  At the beginning of the 80s, Michael... Read More..
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The aim of the whole endeavour would be the enablement of an institution that runs the membership for the EA profession and the enforcement, in some shape or form, of the code of ethics. In principle that sounds good but, in practice, is it?To start with, without  proper enforcement, this ethical organization may end up encouraging... Read More..
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People and organization are outside the scope of EAJan 11, 2007 After all, "the Company is the People" who govern, plan and operate the Enterprise.Enterprise Architecture is overly simplifiedJan 4, 2007 More often than not EA does not mandate architectural views - reflecting the interests of many stakeholders- or a functional architecture... Read More..
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The Definition of Enterprise Architecture, revisited (ii)Aug 24, 2007 Enterprise Architecture is more than the sum of its parts; it is about the governance (mind) and the culture (soul) of the Enterprise (body).The definition of Enterprise Architecture, revisited (i)Aug 17, 2007  Is EA an Enterprise state, a document, a set of diagrams,... Read More..
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Who owns Intellectual Property?May 3, 2008  Isn't IP about property that is the foundation of our economy and society since the very beginning?Enterprise Architecture and Solution Architecture ProjectsApr 11, 2008 EA records all changes in the Enterprise and becomes the single source of updated information for all developments.The Business Process journey in... Read More..
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The Enterprise Architecture Black HoleApr 6, 2009  "Enterprise Architecture as a Black Hole" (to paraphrase a known title of an EA book) seems to be a proper name for many EA contemporary developments. To ...A Single Page Enterprise ArchitectureApr 1, 2009  A Single Page EA blueprint would like a road map depicting... Read More..
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The type of work an Enterprise Architect doesOct 10, 2009  I realize that many of us, Enterprise Architects, our pay masters, and recruiters emphasize at times different aspects of EA. But they are all part of an ...The Enterprise Architecture book cover & extracts published in my blog sidebarOct 7, 2009  Just... Read More..
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Communications and OMG's Architecture tools ecosystemApr 17, 2010 Communication means transmission of information between two sides. The message has to match the language and conventions of the receiving side as well.Enterprise Architecture training courseApr 4, 2010  In time, I had quite a few requests for the EA training advertised on this site,... Read More..
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Benefits of the GODS generic business architecture modelNov 30, 2010  GODS generic business architecture represents a reference architecture that can be tailored to industry and company to create a specific framework for own ...A generic Business ArchitectureNov 17, 2010 The GODS generic business architecture illustrates the full product cycle from forecasting and... Read More..
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The history continues with EA posts from 2011, mainly.Is industry experience a must for an Enterprise Architect?Feb 22, 2012  Does the employer want a specialist or a generalist, the EA architect is? You rarely can get both at the quality and for the price you pay... you would ...Communicating Enterprise ArchitectureFeb... Read More..
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Architecture principles, good or evil?Mar 1 2013 Why are principles constituting so often a bottleneck for the EA activities or, soon after inception, are laid aside as an irritant better ...Why aren't there Enterprise Architecture show cases? (i)Jan 26 2013 We keep talking about EA without having in mind a common picture. A show case... Read More..
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I  am about to post a series of blog post links published over the last eight years or so. They would be listed in reverse chronological order starting today.Most EA topics you'd like to hear about are discussed in there: from frameworks and capabilities to culture, roadblocks, people and organisation... Read More..
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When does EA start to care about sociocultural influences? Nick Malik stresses this point. But should we care?True, reality is "messier" than the boxes and lines of an enterprise architecture because it is invariably more complex than the models that describe it. That we already know. For instance, human bodies are... Read More..
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Commenting upon "TOGAF® Framework and ArchiMate® Modeling Language Harmonization, two whitepapers".I don't have access to the articles as a member of the public. Perhaps, I have to pay for the privilege.It finally happens. It took a long time for inside TOGAFers to realise that without a merger there would be... Read More..
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The enterprise is stable at its core. It has been so for centuries. The invariability of value chains and process frameworks stand proof of that. Key business strategies are also few and well known: diversification, expansion in markets and creation of new products.The abstract business operation of an enterprise changes... Read More..
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It's a question we hear much too often since it is supposed to render EA more acceptable to business. The answers though add to the confusion about EA because EA often ends up being compared to management consultancy or in any case, appears to step into other business territories. That... Read More..
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Since both Business Architecture and Design Thinking have rather vague and wide scoping definitions it is hard to think they have having nothing in common. Yet, at first sight, it is hard to find anything common. We have to look through the thick cloud of fuzzyness to find the relationship, if... Read More..
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There has always been an opinion that, since the environment is so dynamic today, the enterprise management is an art. And that modelling the enterprise does not serve much purpose since it already depicts a past static state.That in contrast to some proprietary, unexplained and unexplainable artistic approaches that confer the enterprise and the... Read More..
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EA is often defined not as what it is but as what we think it is for. Too many EA definitions emphasise EA as a purpose rather than a description of what it is. There are a few issues with this. To start with, can you define a car by your goals,... Read More..
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Requirements occupy the central place in the ADM cycle, the architecture development process. Each and every ADM phase seems  to take them into consideration. For what reason though?To begin with, is the ADM about architecture development or the enterprise transformation process?While the first is governed by the enterprise architect, the... Read More..
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While TOGAF is not inhibiting a different EA thinking, in fact it inadvertently stimulates that, TOGAF is still hindering the take off and the development of other approaches.TOGAF not only ignores but competes with the other EA approaches rather than collaborating and integrating the best of breed for the good... Read More..
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Here is the question How do you perform a cost benefit analysis for an Enterprise Architecture?Does anyone have case studies showing EA valueThe discussions about case studies on the value of EA or its benefits seem to never never die. Same as the debates on what EA or its purpose are.... Read More..
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Before delving into the subject of core capabilities, a definition of what that is would be welcome. A few questions must be first asked to clear the field. I wouldn't go into what the capability is since that was discussed too many times. I will analyse the "core" (capability) concept... Read More..
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 ..continued from previous.As suspected, the approach ends up with a process map, sliding back into familar territory to BP Trends.The process map (here is the process architecture method again) consists of Management, Core and Support processes. Yet, what do we call Core processes today? The "core" concept may change in time and it... Read More..
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...continued from previous post. This BP Trends advisor proposes a method to develop a business process architecture which...In fig. 4 and 5, the customer, interacting with various links of the value chain, is placed at the end of the value chain arrow. This interaction was first described in the GODS generic business architecture paper, available on... Read More..
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This BP Trends advisor proposes a method to develop a business process architecture which, to quote, "briefly walks through one approach to developing a comprehensive business process architecture--the approach used by BPTrends Associates (BPTA) in consulting engagements with its clients".And here is a critique the BP Trends Business Process Architecture approach. To start... Read More..
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Capabilities in  a sentence or twoDefinitions of EA are diverse. Capability definitions are even much more so and usually useless in practice. Here is one you can use.A capability is a feature of your enterprise (such as it can produce screws, it can recruit by itself...). It is something you... Read More..
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"How would you compare your Enterprise Architecture implementation (i.e., instance) with your competitor's Enterprise Architecture?" This question was asked by Rubina from my previous post. Since I found it of general interest I post it in the main blog.To start with, without a common understanding (definition, scope, framework ...) there can hardly... Read More..
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I browsed the book "Enterprise Architecture as Strategy" by Jeanne W. Ross, Peter Weill and David C. Robertson quite a few times, never quite making my mind about it. It is widely recommended though. But since it landed on the next desk, I decided to take the bull by the horns. The book has an... Read More..
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I just want to expose in one picture the various types of IT outsourcing a Enterprise can employ today. Here is a self-explanatory picture:     You can notice a mixture of good old traditional outsourcing such as Data Centre and Managed Services that will take place at the same time with Business Process Outsourcing... Read More..
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True, most if not all myths contain a bit of truth, but the key word is "bit".Myths you heard about:That you need to "sell" Enterprise Architecture. Do you? For one, the concept is straightforward. Anyone understands a plan or a city map and everyone wants a "schematics" of the... Read More..
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I studied TOGAF at my own pace, along the years. The lush 800+ page were always a challenge. I also listened to and participated in many discussions. Still, last week I decided to go onto a formal training course. The trainer proved to be experienced in many matters and in the... Read More..
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Nick Gall's post speaks about organization and motivating people as part of an EA workday. The organization architecture, the 3rd architecture tier of an EA as I call it, is invaluable, since it brings all enterprise stakeholders around the table. In practice though, when I suggested slight adjustments to the... Read More..
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EA budgeting depends how the EA activity is conducted at a point in time: is it a project or a Business As Usual activity (BAU)? Companies sometimes rely on short burst of activities (projects) to establish the EA foundations. And then continue with BAU. Or establish directly an EA practice. Projects... Read More..
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The essential generic business architecture (gBA) shows the main Enterprise Functions and Processes that describe, in one page, both the Enterprise structure and behaviour. gBA illustrates a full product cycle from forecasting and planning, to demand creation, product delivery, sales and orders, revenue accrual and customer services for both... Read More..
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Business Architecture (BA) is the most important layer or component of an Enterprise Architecture (EA). This is because it shapes all other layers. For instance,  Business functions and processes described in the BA dictate the type of technology and organization architecture that implement them. It is true though, that... Read More..
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Since the post on the EA framework definition has raised discussions (please read comments to previous blog) I'll post this article separately to respond to concerns expressed, since it is worth clarifying the points of view with wider participation. Please chip in.Rich wrote "the Standard does not define functions, flows,... Read More..
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Deloitte initiated, some time ago, a debate on "Does Cloud Computing Make Enterprise Architecture Irrelevant?" asserting that "The world of business technology is shifting to "almost enterprise" applications - a network of smaller, more agile applications that are often hosted remotely, as in cloud computing. With less reliance on... Read More..
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Gartner's news on Enterprise Architecture leaves me a bit baffled as usual. This seems to become a quarterly forecast aimed to direct the community on the right EA track. Let's dissect a bit the news. The message is centred around the EA hypecycle that Gartner wished to show us all. So many EA... Read More..
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Every Enterprise improvement ultimately translates into profit or cost saving for the business. For top management and external stakeholders that is what principally matters, after all. Nonetheless, to assess the effect of an EA action directly at these financial indicators level is impossible.  A benefit tree would show though, how... Read More..
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Here are my answers to a few frequently asked questions that get wrong answers.What is Enterprise Architecture (EA)? EA is the Architecture i.e. the blueprint of the Enterprise. It describes its structure and the human and technology resources operating it. The EA structure and operation are embedded in the Enterprise. Long definition: The... Read More..
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Any Enterprise consists, at its basics, of business processes delivering the products and the Technology and People resource layers implementing the business processes. As such Business, Technology and People become the key layers of an Enterprise Architecture (EA). Each layer is further described by Views, filters showing only the aspects... Read More..
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Not long ago I felt that Enterprise Architecture (EA) had not been growing at the pace I, at least, thought it should. I asked myself why and came up with a couple of issues. I never thought though the list would expand but it did. This being the case, no... Read More..
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Adrian Grigoriu blogs about everything relating to enterprise and business architecture, SOA, frameworks, design, planning, execution, organization and related issues.

Adrian Grigoriu

Adrian is an executive consultant in enterprise architecture, former head of enterprise architecture at Ofcom, the spectrum and broadcasting U.K. regulatory agency and chief architect at TM Forum, an organization providing a reference integrated business architecture framework, best practices and standards for the telecommunications and digital media industries. He also was a high technology, enterprise architecture and strategy senior manager at Accenture and Vodafone, and a principal consultant and lead architect at Qantas, Logica, Lucent Bell Labs and Nokia. He is the author of two books on enterprise architecture development available on Kindle and published articles with BPTrends, the Microsoft Architecture Journal and the EI magazine. Shortlisted by Computer Weekly for the IT Industry blogger of the year 2011.

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