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Anatomy of Agile Enterprise

Janne J. Korhonen

Aligning EA with Governance: Outline of Composite Framework

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In my previous blog post, I did not turn EA quite upside-down, but only 90 degrees, suggesting that architectural dimensions such as Business Architecture and Information Architecture shall rather be seen as vertical dimensions crossing abstraction levels than as forming a hierarchy of abstraction levels themselves.

It has been widely acknowledged that EA approach helps in IT governance. Typically, in-depth knowledge about the used EA framework is needed in order to apply it as a governance tool. However, by taking architecture-related decision-making and processes as the starting point for the framework in the first place, architecture would be more readily aligned with governance.

Here, I will outline what decision/process areas, unstructured artifacts and structured architectural elements would pertain to each level by each dimension. This is by no means a definitive catalog, but merely an example to outline a composite framework for enterprise architecture and its governance.

The decision/process areas, artifacts and elements are aligned through their abstract "location" in the matrix. The output artifacts of processes can be used as input to the processes in the neighboring cells. For instance, Business Strategy provides input to Process Architecture and to other strategies such as Technology Strategy. Also, decisions made can be systematically documented and used to trigger subsequent activities. For instance, a decision pertaining to IS investment may initiate a procurement process for a new information system.

Decision/Process Areas


 Business ArchitectureInformation ArchitectureInformation Systems ArchitectureTechnology Architecture
Strategic
Contextual
Define Business StrategyDefine Information Strategy and PoliciesDefine IS StrategyDefine Technology Strategy
Tactical
Conceptual
Define Process Architecture, Manage Strategic Program PortfolioDefine Information Architecture, Define Information Standards and IM Procedures, Define Enterprise Data ModelDefine Tactical IS Plans, Manage Systems Portfolio, Manage IS InvestmentDefine Tactical Technology Plans, Manage Technology Portfolio, Manage Technology Investment
Operational  
Logical
Model Business Processes, Manage ChangesManage Information (Domain Level), Manage Data IssuesProcure Information SystemsAcquire and Maintain Technology Infrastructure
Real-Time
Physical
Execute and Monitor Business ProcessesManage DataDevelop Systems, Manage SystemsManage Performance and Capacity

Artifacts


 Business ArchitectureInformation ArchitectureInformation Systems ArchitectureTechnology Architecture
Strategic
Contextual
Mission and Vision Statements, Business Strategy DocumentInformation Strategy DocumentIS Strategy DocumentTechnology Strategy Document
Tactical
Conceptual
Organizational Chart; Process Map, High-Level Process ModelsSubject Area Model, Conceptual Data Model, Information Exchange Matrix (Conceptual)Systems Portfolio, Service PortfolioTechnical Portfolio, Technical Reference Model, Standards Profile, Standards Forecast
Operational  
Logical
Workflow Diagrams, EPC Models, Business Process / System Function MatrixLogical Data Model, Information Exchange Matrix (Logical), CRUD Matrices, Issue LogSolution Architecture, System ArchitectureSystem-Level Technology Architecture
Real-Time
Physical
Business Activity DescriptionsPhysical Data ModelApplication Architecture, Design SpecificationsTechnical Specifications

Architectural Elements


 Business ArchitectureInformation ArchitectureInformation Systems ArchitectureTechnology Architecture
Strategic
Contextual
Businesses; Business Models, Strategic Goals, Success Factors, Targeted Market Segments, Core Competencies, Strategic Projects   
Tactical
Conceptual
Organizational Units, Departments, Business Locations; End-to-End Business Processes, Products/Services, Business Roles, Business Capabilities, Performance Indicators, Business Requirements Business Subjects, Business EntitiesBusiness System Domains, Service DomainsTechnology Standards, Guidelines and Policies
Operational  
Logical
Functional Business Processes, Business Rules, Functional and Non-Functional RequirementsEssential Business Attributes, Reference Data Values, Data Quality Rules, Meta-DataEnterprise Information Systems, Enterprise ServicesPlatforms, Networks, Integration Technologies
Real-Time
Physical
Business ActivitiesTechnical Data, Technical Meta-DataApplications, Software Components, System Software, Data StoresHardware, Network Elements, Appliances

Janne J. Korhonen provides insights into how information technology can be applied strategically to catalyze organizational change and responsiveness. Drawing from both theory and practice, he discusses agile enterprise and its governance.

Janne J. Korhonen

Janne J. Korhonen is an independent business and IT consultant,specializing in enterprise architecture, business process management,service-oriented architecture and pertinent governance models. He has over ten years of experience as an architect and consultant in a variety of extensive and mission-critical IT projects. With strong theoretical underpinnings, his consulting encompasses systemic co-development of business, organization and information technology.

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